3.1 Conventional systems

3.1.1 Multipolar magnets

Electromagnets:
Hollow or solid conductor coils. Epoxi resin impregnated windings.
Water or natural convection cooled
Stacked (welded or glued) or monoblock Steel yokes
High precision construction

Permanent magnets
Halbach geometries or other Materials

  • NdFeB: higher remanence
  • SmCo: better radiation resistance

3.1.2 High precision yokes

ANTEC manufactures high precision magnetic yokes laminated or machined.

3.1.3. References

CERN, ESRF and ALBA among others.

Conventional systems